Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Cell adhesion and cortex contractility determine cell patterning in the Drosophila retina

Kafer, J., Hayashi, T., Maree, A.F.M. ORCID:, Carthew, R.W. and Graner, F. 2007. Cell adhesion and cortex contractility determine cell patterning in the Drosophila retina. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 104 (47) , pp. 18549-18554. 10.1073/pnas.0704235104

Full text not available from this repository.


Because of the resemblance of many epithelial tissues to densely packed soap bubbles, it has been suggested that surface minimization, which drives soap bubble packing, could be governing cell packing as well. We test this by modeling the shape of the cells in a Drosophila retina ommatidium. We use the observed configurations and shapes in wild-type flies, as well as in flies with different numbers of cells per ommatidia, and mutants with cells where E- or N-cadherin is either deleted or misexpressed. We find that surface minimization is insufficient to model the experimentally observed shapes and packing of the cells based on their cadherin expression. We then consider a model in which adhesion leads to a surface increase, balanced by cell cortex contraction. Using the experimentally observed distributions of E- and N-cadherin, we simulate the packing and cell shapes in the wild-type eye. Furthermore, by changing only the corresponding parameters, this model can describe the mutants with different numbers of cells or changes in cadherin expression.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
ISSN: 1111-0105
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 13:19

Citation Data

Cited 153 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item