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Universities and open innovation: the determinants of network centrality

Huggins, Robert ORCID:, Prokop, Daniel ORCID: and Thompson, P. 2020. Universities and open innovation: the determinants of network centrality. Journal of Technology Transfer 45 , pp. 718-757. 10.1007/s10961-019-09720-5

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This paper addresses the ‘network’ and ‘open innovation’ paradigms by seeking to examine the factors associated with structural positioning within university–industry networks. Drawing upon a network analysis of knowledge-based ties held by universities across the regions of the UK, it is found that those universities with the most central positions (network centrality) within university–industry network structures also have high rates of relational involvement in activities such as spin-off generation and engagement in externally funded research projects. Some forms of activity, in particular intellectual property protection through patenting, are found to be negatively associated with centrality. Spatial location is largely found to be unrelated to the network centrality of universities. By utilising network centrality as one measure of the open innovation capability of universities, the paper indicates that a range of institutional characteristics and factors tend to either promote or limit the engagement of universities in open innovation practices.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 0892-9912
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 March 2019
Date of Acceptance: 12 February 2019
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 09:46

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