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Changes in frictional coefficient with increased tendon surface tear?An experimental animal model

Thangaraj, Rajkumar, Jones, Michael D. ORCID: and Theobald, Peter ORCID: 2018. Changes in frictional coefficient with increased tendon surface tear?An experimental animal model. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma 9 (S1) , S19-S25. 10.1016/j.jcot.2017.08.003

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Aim Surface tribological properties of a tendon in terms of coefficient of friction and lubrication mechanism are expected to change with the progression of surface tears which can affect the optimal function of the tendon. This study investigated whether coefficient of friction proportionally increases with the progression of a surface tear in a bovine tendon model. Methods The study was performed using a pin-on-glass tribometer and bovine tendon samples (n = 16) divided into 4 groups. One group of tendons had no surface tears and thus served as a control, whilst the other 3 groups comprised tendons with increasing severity of artificially-induced surface tears. The coefficient of friction and the lubrication mechanism of the four groups of samples were investigated, calculated and compared. Results Statistical analysis showed significant change in coefficient of friction between the control group and the group with minimal tear (p < 0.05) while no difference noted between the groups of moderate to severe tear suggesting that the coefficient of friction increases initially with appearance of surface tears, though further progression to a significant tear do not cause a further increase in the frictional coefficient. There was no change in the lubrication mechanism between the groups. Conclusion This finding appears to contradict the speculation that the frictional coefficient continues to increase with an increase in surface tear severity. The finding has not been reported before and requires validation in future with testing in human tissue.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0976-5662
Date of Acceptance: 3 August 2017
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 13:39

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