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Advance care planning for home health staff: a systematic review

Gleeson, Aoife, Noble, Simon ORCID: and Mann, Mala 2021. Advance care planning for home health staff: a systematic review. BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care 11 (1) , pp. 209-216. 10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001680

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Background Advance care planning (ACP) is a process where patients express their wishes regarding their future healthcare. Its importance has been increasingly recognised in the past decade. As increasing numbers of elderly people are living in care homes, the aim of this review was to identify the most effective ACP interventions to train/educate all levels of healthcare professionals working in care homes. Design A systematic review. Two independent reviewers undertook screening, data extraction and quality assessment. Data sources Searched from inception to June 2018: Ovid Medline, Ovid Medline in process, Ovid Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBSCO Cinahl and Ovid PsycINFO. Results Six studies were included: three before and after studies, one cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT), one non-blinded RCT and one qualitative study. Five studies reported on ACP documentation, three on impact on ACP practice and three studies on healthcare-related outcomes. All quantitative studies reported an improvement in outcomes. In the three studies reporting on health-related outcomes, one showed significant reductions in hospitalisation rate, days and healthcare costs; one reported significant reductions in hospital deaths; and the third showed reductions in hospital days and deaths. A meta-analysis could not be performed due to the heterogeneity of the outcome measures. The included qualitative study highlighted perceived challenges to implementing an educational programme in the care home setting. Conclusion There is limited evidence for the effectiveness of ACP training for care home workers. More well-designed studies are needed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Academic & Student Support Service
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-435X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 March 2019
Date of Acceptance: 30 January 2019
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2022 17:00

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