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Anti-amyloid precursor protein immunoglobulins inhibit amyloid-β production by steric hindrance

Thomas, Rhian Sara, Liddell, Janet Eryl and Kidd, Emma Jane ORCID: 2011. Anti-amyloid precursor protein immunoglobulins inhibit amyloid-β production by steric hindrance. Febs Journal 278 (1) , pp. 167-178. 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2010.07942.x

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The cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β- and -secretases results in the production of amyloid-β (Aβ) in Alzheimer’s disease. We raised two monoclonal antibodies, 2B3 and 2B12, that recognize the β-secretase cleavage site on APP but not Aβ. We hypothesized that these antibodies would reduce Aβ levels via steric hindrance of β-secretase. Both antibodies decreased extracellular Aβ levels from astrocytoma cells, but 2B3 was more potent than 2B12. Levels of soluble sAPP from the nonamyloidogenic -secretase pathway and intracellular APP were not affected by either antibody nor were there any effects on cell viability. 2B3 exhibited a higher affinity for APP than 2B12 and its epitope appeared to span the cleavage site, whereas 2B12 bound slightly upstream. Both of these factors probably contribute to its greater effect on Aβ levels. After 60 min incubation at pH 4.0, most 2B3 and 2B12 remained bound to their antigen, suggesting that the antibodies will remain bound to APP in the acidic endosomes where β-secretase cleavage probably occurs. Only 2B3 and 2B12, but not control antibodies, inhibited the cleavage of sAPP by β-secretase in a cell-free assay where the effects of antibody internalization and intracellular degradation were excluded. 2B3 virtually abolished this cleavage. In addition, levels of C-terminal APP fragments, generated following β-secretase cleavage (βCTF), were significantly reduced in cells after incubation with 2B3. These results strongly suggest that anti-cleavage site IgGs can generically reduce Aβ levels via inhibition of β-secretase by steric hindrance and may provide a novel alternative therapy for Alzheimer’s disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; Amyloid precursor protein; Amyloid-β; Monoclonal antibodies; β-secretase cleavage site
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1742-464X
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 13:04

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