Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

TPR5 is involved in directional cell division and is essential for the maintenance of meristem cell organization in Arabidopsis thaliana

Sotta, Naoyuki, Shantikumar, Lukram, Sakamoto, Takuya, Matsunaga, Sachihiro and Fujiwara, Toru 2016. TPR5 is involved in directional cell division and is essential for the maintenance of meristem cell organization in Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Experimental Botany 67 (8) , pp. 2401-2411. 10.1093/jxb/erw043

[thumbnail of erw043.pdf]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (16MB) | Preview

Abstract

Root growth in plants is achieved through the co-ordination of cell division and expansion. In higher plants, the radial structure of the roots is formed during embryogenesis and maintained thereafter throughout development. Here we show that the tetratricopeptide repeat domain protein TPR5 is necessary for maintaining radial structure and growth rates in Arabidopsis thaliana roots. We isolated an A. thaliana mutant with reduced root growth and determined that TPR5 was the gene responsible for the phenotype. The root growth rate of the tpr5-1 mutant was reduced to ~60% of that in wild-type plants. The radial structure was disturbed by the occurrence of occasional extra periclinal cell divisions. While the number of meristematic cells was reduced in the tpr5 mutants, the cell length in the mature portion of the root did not differ from that of the wild type, suggesting that TPR5 is required for proper cell division but dispensable for cell elongation. Expression of the TPR5–GFP fusion protein driven by the TPR5 promoter displayed fluorescence in the cytoplasm of root meristems, but not in mature root regions. DNA staining revealed that frequencies of micronuclei were increased in root meristems of tpr5 mutants. From this study, we concluded that TPR5 is involved in preventing the formation of micronuclei and is necessary for both the activity and directionality of cell division in root meristems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0022-0957
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 May 2019
Date of Acceptance: 25 January 2016
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2021 02:23
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/122320

Citation Data

Cited 8 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics