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Dual visible/NIR emission from organometallic iridium(III) complexes

Phillips, Kaitlin A., Stonelake, Thomas M., Horton, Peter N., Coles, Simon J., Hallett, Andrew J., O'Kell, Sean P., Beames, Joseph M. ORCID: and Pope, Simon J.A. ORCID: 2019. Dual visible/NIR emission from organometallic iridium(III) complexes. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry 893 , pp. 11-20. 10.1016/j.jorganchem.2019.04.019

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A series of four substituted benzo[g]quinoxaline species have been synthesised and utilised as cyclometalating ligands for iridium(III). The ligands (L1-L4) were synthesised and isolated in good yield following the condensation of 2,3-diaminonaphthalene with benzil and three of its derivatives. The substituent modulated electronic properties of L1-L4 were dominated by intraligand π−π* transitions, with the fluorescence profile demonstrating vibronic features attributed to the highly conjugated nature of the chromophore. Iridium(III) complexes of the form [Ir(L)2(bipy)]PF6 were synthesised from L1-L4 in two steps. The electronic properties of the complexes reveal absorption in the UV-vis. region with spin forbidden metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) transitions possibly contributing at longer wavelengths to ca. 600 nm. Steady state luminescence (aerated, room temperature) on solutions of the complexes showed dual emissive properties in the visible and near-infra red (NIR) regions. Firstly, a vibronically structured emission in the visible region (ca. 525 nm) was attributed to ligand centred fluorescence (lifetime < 10 ns). Secondly, a broad emission peak in the NIR (ca. 950 nm) which extended to around 1200 nm was observed with corresponding lifetimes of 116–162 ns, indicative of triplet excited state emission.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-328X
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 May 2019
Date of Acceptance: 20 April 2019
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 02:43

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