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FAD binding, cobinamide binding and active site communication in the corrin reductase (CobR)

Lawrence, Andrew D., Taylor, Samantha L., Scott, Alan, Rowe, Michelle L., Johnson, Christopher M., Rigby, Stephen E. J., Geeves, Michael A., Pickersgill, Richard W., Howard, Mark J. and Warren, Martin J. 2014. FAD binding, cobinamide binding and active site communication in the corrin reductase (CobR). Bioscience Reports 34 (4) , e00120. 10.1042/BSR20140060

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Adenosylcobalamin, the coenzyme form of vitamin B12, is one Nature's most complex coenzyme whose de novo biogenesis proceeds along either an anaerobic or aerobic metabolic pathway. The aerobic synthesis involves reduction of the centrally chelated cobalt metal ion of the corrin ring from Co(II) to Co(I) before adenosylation can take place. A corrin reductase (CobR) enzyme has been identified as the likely agent to catalyse this reduction of the metal ion. Herein, we reveal how Brucella melitensis CobR binds its coenzyme FAD (flavin dinucleotide) and we also show that the enzyme can bind a corrin substrate consistent with its role in reduction of the cobalt of the corrin ring. Stopped-flow kinetics and EPR reveal a mechanistic asymmetry in CobR dimer that provides a potential link between the two electron reduction by NADH to the single electron reduction of Co(II) to Co(I).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Portland Press: Creative Commons Attribution / Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 0144-8463
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2021 02:51

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