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Innate lymphoid cells in helminth infections-obligatory or accessory?

Löser, Stephan, Smith, Katherine A. ORCID: and Maizels, Rick M. 2019. Innate lymphoid cells in helminth infections-obligatory or accessory? Frontiers in Immunology 10 , -. 10.3389/fimmu.2019.00620

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ILCs burst onto the immunological scene with their involvement in bacterial and helminth infections. As their influence has emerged, it has become clear that they play a fundamental role in regulating barrier tissue homeostasis and the immune response during inflammation. A subset of ILCs, ILC2s, has become the focus of attention for many helminth biologists—stepping into the limelight as both the elusive initiator and amplifier of the type-2 response. In many of the early reports, conclusions as to their function were based on experiments using unadapted parasites or immune-compromised hosts. In this review we re-examine the generation and function of type-2 ILCs in helminth infection and the extent to which their roles may be essential or redundant, in both primary and challenge infections. ILC2s will be discussed in terms of a broader innate network, which when in dialogue with adaptive immunity, allows the generation of the anti-parasite response. Finally, we will review how helminths manipulate ILC2 populations to benefit their survival, as well as dampen systemic inflammation in the host, and how this understanding may be used to improve strategies to control disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-3224
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 29 May 2019
Date of Acceptance: 8 March 2019
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2022 12:24

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