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The impact of urinary stone disease and their treatment on patients' quality of life: a qualitative study

Raja, Aditya, Wood, Fiona and Joshi, Hrishi B. 2020. The impact of urinary stone disease and their treatment on patients' quality of life: a qualitative study. Urolithiasis 48 , pp. 227-234. 10.1007/s00240-019-01142-0

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Urinary stone disease is a common, often recurrent disease, that can have a negative impact on patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL), often effecting working, productive members of society. The literature lacks data from structured, qualitative research which could give unique insight into patients’ HRQoL. The objective is to understand the impact of urinary stone disease and treatments on patients’ HRQoL, from patients’ and their relatives’ perspective using qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Semi-structured interviews and a focus group were used to understand the HRQoL issues of patients with urinary stones disease, covering the American Urology Association index stone categories. Thematic analysis was performed (using qualitative data analysis software). Familial impact was assessed using the family-related outcome measure (FROM-16©). 62 patients with stone disease and interventions (mean age 51, range 19–92) participated. Data collection stopped when data saturation was achieved. Analysis revealed negative impact of stone disease and interventions on the patients’ HRQoL, affecting domains of pain, physical symptoms, outlook on life, work/career, change in lifestyle/diet, social life, difficulties of daily living, travel/holiday problems, relationships and family member impact (106 themes grouped under ten broad headings). Sub-group analyses revealed similar impact in either sex, ureteric and renal stone groups. Recurrent stones were associated with work/financial concerns and treatment preferences varied accordingly. Our qualitative study presents detailed insights into the multidimensional impact of urinary calculi and their treatments on various domains of the HRQoL, confirming previous findings and adding new observations. The findings are expected to help in the development of patient-centric measures and communication tools.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
ISSN: 2194-7228
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 31 May 2019
Date of Acceptance: 17 June 2019
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2020 12:29

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