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Numerical simulation of flow past a cylinder using models of XPP type

Inkson, Nathanael, Phillips, Timothy Nigel and van Os, R. G. M. 2009. Numerical simulation of flow past a cylinder using models of XPP type. Journal of non-Newtonian fluid mechanics 156 (1-2) , pp. 7-20. 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2008.06.004

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We present stable and accurate spectral element methods for predicting the steady-state flow of branched polymer melts past a confined cylinder. The fluid is modelled using a modification of the pom-pom model known as the single eXtended Pom-Pom (XPP) model, where we have included a multi-mode model of a commercial low-density polyethylene. We have analyzed the XPP model and found interesting multiple solutions for certain choices of the parameters which indicate possible problems with the model. The operator-integration-factor-splitting technique is used to discretize the governing equations in time, while the spectral element method is used in space. An iterative solution algorithm that decouples the computation of velocity and pressure from that of stress is used to solve the discrete equations. Appropriate preconditioners are developed for the efficient solution of these problems. Local upwinding factors are used to stabilize the computations. Numerical results are presented demonstrating the performance of the algorithm and the predictions of the model. The influence of the model parameters on the solution is described and, in particular, the dependence of the drag on the cylinder as function of the Weissenberg number.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spectral element method; XPP model; Flow around a cylinder; Multi-mode model
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0377-0257
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2020 05:53

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