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Correlation-constrained and sparsity-controlled vector autoregressive model for spatio-temporal wind power forecasting

Zhao, Yongning, Ye, Lin, Pinson, Pierre, Tang, Yong and Lu, Peng 2018. Correlation-constrained and sparsity-controlled vector autoregressive model for spatio-temporal wind power forecasting. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 33 (5) , pp. 5029-5040. 10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2794450

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The ever-increasing number of wind farms has brought both challenges and opportunities in the development of wind power forecasting techniques to take advantage of interdependencies between tens or hundreds of spatially distributed wind farms, e.g., over a region. In this paper, a sparsity-controlled vector autoregressive (SC-VAR) model is introduced to obtain sparse model structures in a spatio-temporal wind power forecasting framework by reformulating the original VAR model into a constrained mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem. It allows controlling the sparsity of the coefficient matrices in direct manner. However this original SC-VAR is difficult to implement due to its complicated constraints and the lack of guidelines for setting its parameters. To reduce the complexity of this MINLP and to make it possible to incorporate prior expert knowledge to benefit model building and forecasting, the original SC-VAR is modified and a correlation-constrained SC-VAR (CCSC-VAR) is proposed based on spatial correlation information about wind farms. Our approach is evaluated based on a case study of very-short-term forecasting for 25 wind farms in Denmark. Comparison is performed with a set of traditional local methods and spatio-temporal methods. The results obtained show the proposed CCSC-VAR has better overall performance than both the original SC-VAR and other benchmark methods, taking into account all evaluation indicators, including sparsity-control ability, sparsity, accuracy, and efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISSN: 0885-8950
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 01:21

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