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Atmospheric carbon capture performance of legacy iron and steel waste

Pullin, Huw, Bray, Andrew W., Burke, Ian T., Muir, Duncan D., Sapsford, Devin J. ORCID:, Mayes, William M. and Renforth, Phil 2019. Atmospheric carbon capture performance of legacy iron and steel waste. Environmental Science and Technology 53 (16) , pp. 9502-9511. 10.1021/acs.est.9b01265

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Legacy iron (Fe) and steel wastes have been identified as a significant source of silicate minerals, which can undergo carbonation reactions and thus sequester carbon dioxide (CO2). In reactor experiments, i.e., at elevated temperatures, pressures, or CO2 concentrations, these wastes have high silicate to carbonate conversion rates. However, what is less understood is whether a more “passive” approach to carbonation can work, i.e., whether a traditional slag emplacement method (heaped and then buried) promotes or hinders CO2 sequestration. In this paper, the results of characterization of material retrieved from a first of its kind drilling program on a historical blast furnace slag heap at Consett, U.K., are reported. The mineralogy of the slag material was near uniform, consisting mainly of melilite group minerals with only minor amounts of carbonate minerals detected. Further analysis established that total carbon levels were on average only 0.4% while average calcium (Ca) levels exceeded 30%. It was calculated that only ∼3% of the CO2 sequestration potential of the >30 Mt slag heap has been utilized. It is suggested that limited water and gas interaction and the mineralogy and particle size of the slag are the main factors that have hindered carbonation reactions in the slag heap.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0013-936X
Funders: NERC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 18 July 2019
Last Modified: 04 May 2023 19:05

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