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Control of a population of battery energy storage systems for frequency response

Obaid, Zeyad Assi, Cipcigan, L.M. ORCID:, Muhssin, Mazin T. and Sami, Saif Sabah 2020. Control of a population of battery energy storage systems for frequency response. International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems 115 , 105463. 10.1016/j.ijepes.2019.105463

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The control of multiple battery energy storage systems (BESSs) to provide frequency response will be a challenge in future smart grids. This paper proposes a hierarchical control of BESSs with two decision layers: the aggregator layer and the BESS control layer. The aggregator layer receives the states of charge (SoC) of BESSs and sends a command signal to enable/disable the BESS control layer. The BESS controller was developed to enable the BESSs to respond from the highest to lowest SoC when the frequency drops, and from lowest to highest when it rises. Hence, the BESS’s response is prioritised to reduce the impact on the power system and end-users during the service. The BESS controller works independently when a failure occurs in the communication with the aggregator. The dynamic behaviour of the population of the controllable BESSs was modelled based on a Markov chain. The model demonstrates the value of aggregation of BESSs for providing frequency response and evaluates the effective capacity of the service. The model was demonstrated on the 14-machine South-East Australian power system with a 14.5 GW load. 254 MW of responsive capacity of aggregated batteries was effective in reducing the system frequency deviation below 0.2 Hz following a sequence of disturbances.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0142-0615
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 1 August 2019
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 01:51

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