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"I'd like to have more of a say because it's my body?: Adolescents' perceptions around barriers and facilitators to shared decision-making

Jordan, Amber ORCID:, Joseph-Williams, Natalie ORCID:, Edwards, Adrian ORCID:, Holland-Hart, Daniella ORCID: and Wood, Fiona ORCID: 2019. "I'd like to have more of a say because it's my body?: Adolescents' perceptions around barriers and facilitators to shared decision-making. Journal of Adolescent Health , -. 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.05.024

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PURPOSE: Adolescents living with long-term conditions (LTCs) often feel as though they are left out of discussions and decisions with healthcare professionals, which can give them the impression that their views are not important. Research around decision-making during clinical encounters often fails to represent adolescents' perspectives. This study explores adolescents' perceptions and experiences, focusing on identifying the perceived barriers to, and facilitators for, their involvement in shared decision-making (SDM). METHODS: Nineteen adolescents (aged 13-19 years) with LTCs were recruited from endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, and nephrology clinics. Participatory qualitative interviews were conducted using life grids and pie charts, and transcripts were analyzed thematically. RESULTS: Four overarching themes and nine sub-themes were identified which describe barriers and facilitators around SDM. Adolescents need to feel, as though their involvement is supported by parents and healthcare professionals, that their contribution to the decision-making process is important and will yield a positive outcome. Adolescents often feel it is their right to be involved in decisions that affect them but also feel as though the adults' contributions to the decisions are considered more valuable. Adolescents need to feel capable of being involved, in terms of being able to understand and process information about the available options and ask appropriate questions. CONCLUSIONS: This work highlights a number of ways SDM can be facilitated between healthcare practitioners and adolescents with LTCs. Identifying the needs of adolescents with LTCs is necessary for optimizing the SDM process and to support them during healthcare consultations

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1054-139X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 24 May 2019
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2024 18:06

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