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WISDOM project - V. Resolving molecular gas in Keplerian rotation around the supermassive black hole in NGC0383

North, Eve V., Davis, Timothy A. ORCID:, Bureau, Martin, Cappellari, Michele, Iguchi, Satoru, Liu, Lijie, Onishi, Kyoko, Sarzi, Marc, Smith, Mark D. and Williams, Thomas G. 2019. WISDOM project - V. Resolving molecular gas in Keplerian rotation around the supermassive black hole in NGC0383. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 490 (1) , pp. 319-330. 10.1093/mnras/stz2598

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As part of the mm-Wave Interferometric Survey of Dark Object Masses (WISDOM), we present a measurement of the mass of the supermassive black hole (SMBH) in the nearby early-type galaxy NGC 0383 (radio source 3C 031). This measurement is based on Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-milimeter Array (ALMA) cycle 4 and 5 observations of the 12CO(2–1) emission line with a spatial resolution of 58 × 32 pc2 (0 ′′ . .′′ 18 × 0 ′′ . .′′ 1). This resolution, combined with a channel width of 10 km s−1, allows us to well resolve the radius of the black hole sphere of influence (measured as RSOI = 316 pc = 0 ′′ . .′′ 98), where we detect a clear Keplerian increase of the rotation velocities. NGC 0383 has a kinematically-relaxed, smooth nuclear molecular gas disc with weak ring/spiral features. We forward-model the ALMA data cube with the Kinematic Molecular Simulation (KinMS) tool and a Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo method to measure a SMBH mass of (4.2 ± 0.7) × 109 M⊙, a F160W-band stellar mass-to-light ratio that varies from 2.8 ± 0.6 M⊙/L⊙, F160W in the centre to 2.4 ± 0.3 M⊙/L ⊙,F160W /L⊙,F160W at the outer edge of the disc and a molecular gas velocity dispersion of 8.3 ± 2.1 km s−1(all 3σ uncertainties). We also detect unresolved continuum emission across the full bandwidth, consistent with synchrotron emission from an active galactic nucleus. This work demonstrates that low-J CO emission can resolve gas very close to the SMBH (≈140 000 Schwarzschild radii) and hence that the molecular gas method is highly complimentary to megamaser observations as it can probe the same emitting material.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 September 2019
Date of Acceptance: 4 September 2019
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 20:27

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