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Microwave synthesis of ZnIn2S4/WS2 composites for photocatalytic hydrogen production and hexavalent chromium reduction

Pudkon, Watcharapong, Kaowphong, Sulawan, Pattisson, Samuel, Miedziak, Peter J., Bahruji, Hasliza, Davies, Thomas E., Morgan, David J. and Hutchings, Graham J. 2019. Microwave synthesis of ZnIn2S4/WS2 composites for photocatalytic hydrogen production and hexavalent chromium reduction. Catalysis Science and Technology 9 (20) , pp. 5698-5711. 10.1039/C9CY01553A

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A rapid microwave synthesis route for the fabrication of ZnIn2S4 powder and ZnIn2S4/WS2 composites is presented. Firstly, the effects of different sulfur sources – thioacetamide and L-cysteine – on the physicochemical properties and photocatalytic H2 production of the synthesized ZnIn2S4 were investigated. It was found that well-defined flower-like ZnIn2S4 microspheres obtained from L-cysteine facilitated a relatively higher H2 production rate. Then, different loadings of WS2 were introduced into the well-defined flower-like ZnIn2S4 microspheres aiming to improve its photocatalytic H2 production. Compared to pure ZnIn2S4 and WS2, all ZnIn2S4/WS2 composite photocatalysts exhibited enhanced photocatalytic H2 production in the presence of Na2S/Na2SO3 as sacrificial reagents under UV-visible irradiation, where the ZnIn2S4/WS2-40% wt composite had the highest photocatalytic activity. For this material, 293.3 and 76.6 μmol h−1 g−1 of H2 gas were produced under UV-visible and visible light irradiation, respectively. In addition, the photoreduction activity of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) by ZnIn2S4/WS2-40% wt was also investigated under visible light irradiation and it was observed that 98.5% of Cr(VI) was reduced within 90 min at pH 4.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 2044-4753
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 4 September 2019
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2022 09:23

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