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The levels of sulfur-containing metabolites in Brassica napus are not influenced by the circadian clock but diurnally

Hornbacher, Johann, Rumlow, Annekathrin, Pallmann, Philip, Turcios, Ariel E, Riemenschneider, Anja and Papenbrock, Jutta 2019. The levels of sulfur-containing metabolites in Brassica napus are not influenced by the circadian clock but diurnally. Journal of Plant Biology 62 (5) , pp. 359-373. 10.1007/s12374-019-0143-x

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Adapting biological processes to an endogenous rhythm enables plants to cope with the daily changes in light and temperature in a more predictable way enhancing growth and fitness. A number of biological processes such as metabolic pathways as well as the immunity in plants are under diurnal or circadian control. In this study a possible circadian regulation of key enzymes in the sulfur assimilation and the corresponding metabolites was investigated in the agriculturally important crop plant oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Leaves of a commercially available cultivar were harvested in the course of a day under diurnal and under free-running conditions with constant light. Analyses in this study were focused on sulfur-containing metabolites and expression analysis of enzymes involved in sulfur assimilation. Expression analysis showed that the transcript levels of the sulfate transporters Sultr3;1 and Sultr4;2 as well as APR2 and APR3 oscillated diurnally. Results revealed a periodic rhythm of sulfur-containing metabolites such as glutathione, sulfate and certain glucosinolates in the course of a day which were only partly maintained under constant light. Therefore, we conclude that a diurnal rhythm and not the circadian clock regulates sulfur metabolism in plants.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 1226-9239
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 30 July 2019
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2020 18:10

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