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Microbial diversity in coastal subsurface sediments - a cultivation approach using various electron acceptors and substrate gradients

Köpke, Beate, Wilms, Reinhard, Engelen, Bert, Cypionka, Heribert and Sass, Henrik ORCID: 2005. Microbial diversity in coastal subsurface sediments - a cultivation approach using various electron acceptors and substrate gradients. Applied and environmental microbiology 71 (12) , pp. 7819-7830. 10.1128/AEM.71.12.7819-7830.2005

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Microbial communities in coastal subsurface sediments are scarcely investigated and have escaped attention so far. But since they are likely to play an important role in biogeochemical cycles, knowledge of their composition and ecological adaptations is important. Microbial communities in tidal sediments were investigated along the geochemical gradients from the surface down to a depth of 5.5 m. Most-probable-number (MPN) series were prepared with a variety of different carbon substrates, each at a low concentration, in combination with different electron acceptors such as iron and manganese oxides. These achieved remarkably high cultivation efficiencies (up to 23% of the total cell counts) along the upper 200 cm. In the deeper sediment layers, MPN counts dropped significantly. Parallel to the liquid enrichment cultures in the MPN series, gradient cultures with embedded sediment subcores were prepared as an additional enrichment approach. In total, 112 pure cultures were isolated; they could be grouped into 53 different operational taxonomic units (OTU). The isolates belonged to the Proteobacteria, "Bacteroidetes," "Fusobacteria," Actinobacteria, and "Firmicutes." Each cultivation approach yielded a specific set of isolates that in general were restricted to this single isolation procedure. Analysis of the enrichment cultures by PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis revealed an even higher diversity in the primary enrichments that was only partially reflected by the culture collection. The majority of the isolates grew well under anoxic conditions, by fermentation, or by anaerobic respiration with nitrate, sulfate, ferrihydrite, or manganese oxides as electron acceptors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at (accessed 24/02/2014)
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 00992240
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 14 May 2023 02:28

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