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A Kalman-based approach with EM optimization for respiratory motion modelling in medical imaging

Smith, Rhodri, Rahni, A., Jones, J. and Wells, K. 2018. A Kalman-based approach with EM optimization for respiratory motion modelling in medical imaging. IEEE Transactions on Radiation and Plasma Medical Sciences 3 (4) , pp. 410-420. 10.1109/TRPMS.2018.2879441

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Respiratory motion degrades quantitative and qualitative analysis of medical images. Estimation and, hence, correction of motion commonly uses static correspondence models between an external surrogate signal and internal motion. This paper presents a patient specific respiratory motion model with the ability to adapt in the presence of irregular motion via a Kalman filter with expectation maximization for parameter estimation. The adaptive approach introduces generalizability allowing the model to account for a broader variety of motion. This may be required in the presence of irregular breathing and with different sensors monitoring the external surrogate signal. The motion model framework utilizing an adaptive Kalman filter approach is tested on dynamic magnetic resonance imaging data of nine volunteers and compared to a state-of-the-art static total least squares approach. Results demonstrate the framework is capable of reducing motion to the order of <; 3 mm and is significantly (p <; 0.001) more effective in the presence of irregular motion, assessed using the F-test for model comparison. Utilizing the total sum of squares of estimated vector field error from the calculated ground truth, we observe approximately a fifty percent reduction in root mean square error and thirty percent reduction in standard deviation utilizing the Kalman model (EKF) in comparison to a static counterpart.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: IEEE
ISSN: 2469-7311
Date of Acceptance: 7 October 2018
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2019 12:02

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