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Gas turbine co-firing of steelworks ammonia with coke oven gas or methane: A fundamental and cycle Analysis

Hewlett, Sally, Valera Medina, Agustin, Pugh, Daniel and Bowen, Philip 2019. Gas turbine co-firing of steelworks ammonia with coke oven gas or methane: A fundamental and cycle Analysis. Presented at: ASME Turbo Expo 2019, Phoenix, Arizona, USA, 17-21 June 2019. ASME Turbo Expo 2019: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition: Volume 3: Coal, Biomass, Hydrogen, and Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration; Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems. ASME, GT2019-91404. 10.1115/GT2019-91404

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Following on from successful experimental trials employing ammonia/hydrogen blends in a model gas turbine combustor, with favorable NOx and unburned fuel emissions, a detailed numerical study has been undertaken to assess the viability of using steelworks by-product ammonia in gas turbines. Every metric ton (tonne) of steel manufactured using a blast furnace results in approximately 1.5 kg of by-product ammonia, usually present in a vapor form, from the cleansing of coke oven gas (COG). This study numerically investigates the potential to utilize this by-product for power generation. Ammonia combustion presents some major challenges, including poor reactivity and a propensity for excessive NOx emissions. Ammonia combustion has been shown to be greatly enhanced through the addition of support fuels, hydrogen and methane (both major components of COG). CHEMKIN-PRO is employed to demonstrate the optimal ratio of ammonia vapor, and alternatively anhydrous ammonia recovered from the vapor, to COG or methane at equivalence ratios between 1.0 and 1.4 under an elevated inlet temperature of 550K. Aspen Plus was used to design a Brayton-Rankine cycle with integrated recuperation, and overall cycle efficiencies were calculated for a range of favorable equivalence ratios, identified from the combustion models. The results have been used to specify a series of emissions experiments in a model gas turbine combustor.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: ASME
ISBN: 9780791858608
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 December 2020
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2020 11:31

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