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Enabling real-time multi-messenger astrophysics discoveries with deep learning

Huerta, E. A., Allen, Gabrielle, Andreoni, Igor, Antelis, Javier M., Bachelet, Etienne, Berriman, G. Bruce, Bianco, Federica B., Biswas, Rahul, Carrasco Kind, Matias, Chard, Kyle, Cho, Minsik, Cowperthwaite, Philip S., Etienne, Zachariah B., Fishbach, Maya, Forster, Francisco, George, Daniel, Gibbs, Tom, Graham, Matthew, Gropp, William, Gruendl, Robert, Gupta, Anushri, Haas, Roland, Habib, Sarah, Jennings, Elise, Johnson, Margaret W. G., Katsavounidis, Erik, Katz, Daniel S., Khan, Asad, Kindratenko, Volodymyr, Kramer, William T. C., Liu, Xin, Mahabal, Ashish, Marka, Zsuzsa, McHenry, Kenton, Miller, J. M., Moreno, Claudia, Neubauer, M. S., Oberlin, Steve, Olivas, Alexander R., Petravick, Donald, Rebei, Adam, Rosofsky, Shawn, Ruiz, Milton, Saxton, Aaron, Schutz, Bernard F. ORCID:, Schwing, Alex, Seidel, Ed, Shapiro, Stuart L., Shen, Hongyu, Shen, Yue, Singer, Leo P., Sipocz, Brigitta M., Sun, Lunan, Towns, John, Tsokaros, Antonios, Wei, Wei, Wells, Jack, Williams, Timothy J., Xiong, Jinjun and Zhao, Zhizhen 2019. Enabling real-time multi-messenger astrophysics discoveries with deep learning. Nature Reviews Physics 1 (10) , pp. 600-608. 10.1038/s42254-019-0097-4

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Multi-messenger astrophysics is a fast-growing, interdisciplinary field that combines data, which vary in volume and speed of data processing, from many different instruments that probe the Universe using different cosmic messengers: electromagnetic waves, cosmic rays, gravitational waves and neutrinos. In this Expert Recommendation, we review the key challenges of real-time observations of gravitational wave sources and their electromagnetic and astroparticle counterparts, and make a number of recommendations to maximize their potential for scientific discovery. These recommendations refer to the design of scalable and computationally efficient machine learning algorithms; the cyber-infrastructure to numerically simulate astrophysical sources, and to process and interpret multi-messenger astrophysics data; the management of gravitational wave detections to trigger real-time alerts for electromagnetic and astroparticle follow-ups; a vision to harness future developments of machine learning and cyber-infrastructure resources to cope with the big-data requirements; and the need to build a community of experts to realize the goals of multi-messenger astrophysics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Nature Research
ISSN: 2522-5820
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 November 2019
Date of Acceptance: 31 July 2019
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 00:41

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