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Moonlighting osteoclasts as undertakers of apoptotic cells

Harre, Ulrike, Keppeler, Hildegard, Ipseiz, Natacha ORCID:, Derer, Anja, Poller, Kerstin, Aigner, Michael, Schett, Georg, Herrmann, Martin and Lauber, Kirsten 2012. Moonlighting osteoclasts as undertakers of apoptotic cells. Autoimmunity 45 (8) , pp. 612-619. 10.3109/08916934.2012.719950

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Rapid clearance of apoptotic cells, frequently referred to as efferocytosis, is crucial for the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and the prevention of autoimmunity. The common model of apoptotic cell clearance involves a system of released “Find me” and exposed “Eat me” signals on apoptotic cells, detected and recognized by matching receptors on macrophages or dendritic cells (DC), referred to as the phagocytic synapse. Osteoclasts share the monocyte lineage with these professional mononuclear phagocytes, thus raising the question if, in addition to bone resorption, osteoclasts can act as scavengers for apoptotic cells. Our qPCR data clearly show that osteoclasts express most of the genes required for dying cell clearance at mRNA levels similar to or even higher than those observed in M1-macrophages, M2-macrophages or DC. Our microscopical analyses reveal that osteoclasts in fact can bind and/or engulf apoptotic cells in an essentially serum-independent fashion. Together with our data on the abundance of the respective mRNAs, these results identify the vitronectin receptor (integrin ανβ3)/milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 protein (MFG-E8) axis, the scavenger receptors (CD36, CD68 and class A macrophage scavenger receptor (SR-A)), the complement/complement receptor axis, the Mer/Tyro3/Protein S axis, and the phosphatidylserine (PS) receptor brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 1 (BAI1) as the most promising candidates to be involved in osteoclast-mediated efferocytosis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Taylor & Francis: STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles
ISSN: 0891-6934
Date of Acceptance: 5 July 2012
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2022 08:28

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