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Reconsidering calcium dehydration as the rate-determining step in calcium mineral growth

Koskamp, Janou A., Ruiz-Hernandez, Sergio E., Di Tommaso, Devis, Elena, Alin Marin, De Leeuw, Nora H. and Wolthers, Mariette 2019. Reconsidering calcium dehydration as the rate-determining step in calcium mineral growth. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123 (44) , pp. 26895-26903. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b06403

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The dehydration of cations is generally accepted as the rate-limiting step in many processes. Molecular dynamics (MD) can be used to investigate the dynamics of water molecules around cations, and two different methods exist to obtain trajectory-based water dehydration frequencies. Here, these two different post-processing methods (direct method versus survival function) have been implemented to obtain calcium dehydration frequencies from a series of trajectories obtained using a range of accepted force fields. None of the method combinations reproduced the commonly accepted experimental water exchange frequency of 10–8.2 s–1. Instead, our results suggest much faster water dynamics, comparable with more accurate ab initio MD simulations and with experimental values obtained using neutron scattering techniques. We obtained the best agreement using the survival function method to characterize the water dynamics, and we show that different method combinations significantly affect the outcome. Our work strongly suggests that the fast water exchange kinetics around the calcium ions is not rate-limiting for reactions involving dissolved/solvated calcium. Our results further suggest that, for alkali and most of the earth alkali metals, mechanistic rate laws for growth, dissolution, and adsorption, which are based on the principle of rate-limiting cation dehydration, need careful reconsideration.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1932-7447
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 January 2020
Date of Acceptance: 16 October 2019
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2021 08:27

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