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Effect of base on the facile hydrothermal preparation of highly active IrOx oxygen evolution catalysts

Ruiz Esquius, Jonathan, Morgan, David J. ORCID:, Spanos, Ioannis, Hewes, Daniel G., Freakley, Simon J. and Hutchings, Graham J. ORCID: 2020. Effect of base on the facile hydrothermal preparation of highly active IrOx oxygen evolution catalysts. ACS Applied Energy Materials 3 (1) , pp. 800-809. 10.1021/acsaem.9b01642

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The efficient electrochemical splitting of water is limited by the anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER). IrO2 is a potential catalyst with sufficient activity and stability in acidic conditions to be applied in water electrolyzers. The redox properties and structural flexibility of amorphous iridium oxo-hydroxide compared to crystalline rutile-IrO2 are associated with higher catalytic activity for the OER. We prepared IrOx OER catalysts by a simple hydrothermal method varying the alkali metal base (Li2CO3, LiOH, Na2CO3, NaOH, K2CO3, KOH) employed during the synthesis. This work reveals that the surface area, particle morphology, and the concentration of surface hydroxyl groups can be controlled by the base used and greatly influence the catalyst activity and stability for OER. It was found that materials prepared with bases containing lithium cations can lead to amorphous IrOx materials with a significantly lower overpotential (100 mV @ 1.5 mA·cm–2) and increased stability compared to materials prepared with other bases and rutile IrO2. This facile method leads to the synthesis of highly active and stable catalysts which can potentially be applied to larger scale catalyst preparations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 2574-0962
Funders: MAXNET
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 January 2020
Date of Acceptance: 5 December 2019
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 19:15

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