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Dust survival rates in clumps passing through the Cas A reverse shock - I. Results for a range of clump densities

Kirchschlager, Florian, Schmidt, Franziska D., Barlow, M. J., Fogerty, Erica L., Bevan, Antonia and Priestley, Felix D. 2019. Dust survival rates in clumps passing through the Cas A reverse shock - I. Results for a range of clump densities. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 489 (4) , pp. 4465-4496. 10.1093/mnras/stz2399

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Abstract

The reverse shock in the ejecta of core-collapse supernovae is potentially able to destroy newly formed dust material. In order to determine dust survival rates, we have performed a set of hydrodynamic simulations using the grid-based code astrobear in order to model a shock wave interacting with clumpy supernova ejecta. Dust motions and destruction rates were computed using our newly developed external, post-processing code paperboats, which includes gas drag, grain charging, sputtering, and grain–grain collisions. We have determined dust destruction rates for the oxygen-rich supernova remnant Cassiopeia A as a function of initial grain sizes and clump gas density. We found that up to 30 per cent of the carbon dust mass is able to survive the passage of the reverse shock if the initial grain size distribution is narrow with radii around ∼10–50 nm for high gas densities, or with radii around ∼0.5−1.5μm for low and medium gas densities. Silicate grains with initial radii around 10–30 nm show survival rates of up to 40 per cent for medium- and high-density contrasts, while silicate material with micron-sized distributions is mostly destroyed. For both materials, the surviving dust mass is rearranged into a new size distribution that can be approximated by two components: a power-law distribution of small grains and a lognormal distribution of grains having the same size range as the initial distribution. Our results show that grain–grain collisions and sputtering are synergistic and that grain–grain collisions can play a crucial role in determining the surviving dust budget in supernova remnants.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of Acceptance: 28 August 2019
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2020 13:53
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/128561

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