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Culture moderates the relationship between interdependence and face recognition

Ng, Andy H. ORCID:, Steele, Jennifer R., Sasaki, Joni Y., Sakamoto, Yumiko and Williams, Amanda 2015. Culture moderates the relationship between interdependence and face recognition. Frontiers in Psychology 6 , 1620. 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01620

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Recent theory suggests that face recognition accuracy is affected by people’s motivations, with people being particularly motivated to remember ingroup versus outgroup faces. In the current research we suggest that those higher in interdependence should have a greater motivation to remember ingroup faces, but this should depend on how ingroups are defined. To examine this possibility, we used a joint individual difference and cultural approach to test (a) whether individual differences in interdependence would predict face recognition accuracy, and (b) whether this effect would be moderated by culture. In Study 1 European Canadians higher in interdependence demonstrated greater recognition for same-race (White), but not cross-race (East Asian) faces. In Study 2 we found that culture moderated this effect. Interdependence again predicted greater recognition for same-race (White), but not cross-race (East Asian) faces among European Canadians; however, interdependence predicted worse recognition for both same-race (East Asian) and cross-race (White) faces among first-generation East Asians. The results provide insight into the role of motivation in face perception as well as cultural differences in the conception of ingroups.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: Frontiers
ISSN: 1664-1078
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 February 2020
Date of Acceptance: 7 October 2015
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 02:19

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