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Spectroscopic and theoretical investigation of color tuning in deep-red luminescent iridium(III) complexes

Stonelake, Thomas M., Phillips, Kaitlin A., Otaif, Haleema Y., Edwardson, Zachary C., Horton, Peter N., Coles, Simon J., Beames, Joseph M. ORCID: and Pope, Simon J. A. ORCID: 2020. Spectroscopic and theoretical investigation of color tuning in deep-red luminescent iridium(III) complexes. Inorganic Chemistry 59 (4) 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02991

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A series of heteroleptic, neutral iridium(III) complexes of the form [Ir(L)2(N^O)] (where L = cyclometalated 2,3-disubstituted quinoxaline and N^O = ancillary picolinate or pyrazinoate) are described in terms of their synthesis and spectroscopic properties, with supporting computational analyses providing additional insight into the electronic properties. The 10 [Ir(L)2(N^O)] complexes were characterized using a range of analytical techniques (including 1H, 13C, and 19F NMR and IR spectroscopies and mass spectrometry). One of the examples was structurally characterized using X-ray diffraction. The redox properties were determined using cyclic voltammetry, and the electronic properties were investigated using UV–vis, time-resolved luminescence, and transient absorption spectroscopies. The complexes are phosphorescent in the red region of the visible spectrum (λem = 633–680 nm), with lifetimes typically of hundreds of nanoseconds and quantum yields ca. 5% in aerated chloroform. A combination of spectroscopic and computational analyses suggests that the long-wavelength absorption and emission properties of these complexes are strongly characterized by a combination of spin-forbidden metal-to-ligand charge-transfer and quinoxaline-centered transitions. The emission wavelength in these complexes can thus be controlled in two ways: first, substitution of the cyclometalating quinoxaline ligand can perturb both the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital levels (LUMO, Cl atoms on the ligand induce the largest bathochromic shift), and second, the choice of the ancillary ligand can influence the HOMO energy (pyrazinoate stabilizes the HOMO, inducing hypsochromic shifts).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0020-1669
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 March 2020
Date of Acceptance: 20 January 2020
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 02:43

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