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Boron-nitrogen-doped nanographenes: a synthetic tale from borazine precursors

Dosso, Jacopo ORCID:, Battisti, Tommaso, Ward, Benjamin D. ORCID:, Demitri, Nicola, Hughes, Colan E., Williams, P. Andrew, Harris, Kenneth D. M. ORCID: and Bonifazi, Davide ORCID: 2020. Boron-nitrogen-doped nanographenes: a synthetic tale from borazine precursors. Chemistry - A European Journal 26 (29) , pp. 6608-6621. 10.1002/chem.201905794

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In this paper we report a comprehensive account of our synthetic efforts to prepare borazino-doped hexabenzocoronenes using the Friedel-Crafts-type electrophilic aromatic substitution. We showed that hexafluoro-functionalized aryl-borazines, bearing an ortho fluoride leaving group on each N- and B-aryl rings, could lead to cascade-type electrophilic aromatic substitution events in the stepwise C-C bond formation giving higher yields of borazinocoronenes than those obtained with borazine precursors bearing fluoride leaving groups at the ortho positions of the B-aryl substituents. It is with this pathway that an unprecedented boroxadizine-doped PAH featuring a gulf-type periphery could be isolated, and its structure proved through single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Mechanistic studies on the stepwise Friedel-Crafts-type cyclisation suggest that the mechanism of the planarization reaction proceeds through extension of the π system. To appraise the doping effect of the boroxadizine unit on the optoelectronic properties of topology-equivalent molecular graphenes, the all-carbon and pyrylium PAH analogues, all featuring a gulf-type periphery, were also prepared. As already shown for the borazino-doped hexabenzocoronene, the replacement of the central benzene ring by its B3N2O congener widens the HOMO-LUMO gap and it dramatically enhances the fluorescence quantum yield.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Additional Information: Published in - Special Issue: Chemical Functionalization of 2D Materials
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1521-3765
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 February 2020
Date of Acceptance: 5 February 2020
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2024 01:42

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