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Introduction of standardized, cumulative quantitative measurement of blood loss into routine maternity care

Powell, E., James, D., Collis, R., Collins, P.W., Pallmann, P. and Bell, S. 2022. Introduction of standardized, cumulative quantitative measurement of blood loss into routine maternity care. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 35 (8) , pp. 1491-1497. 10.1080/14767058.2020.1759534

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ntroduction: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal morbidity in the UK. Visual estimation of blood loss is unreliable yet remains common practice. As part of a national quality improvement project to improve care during PPH, standardized, quantitative measurement of blood loss (QBL) for all deliveries was introduced into a tertiary obstetric unit in Cardiff, Wales. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 875 consecutive maternities between December 2017 and February 2018 was undertaken. Of these, 372 mothers had both pre- and post-partum hemoglobin (Hb) were recorded. Regression analyses were performed to investigate the relationship between change in Hb adjusted for red cell transfusion and QBL. Results: The correlation coefficient between QBL and adjusted change in Hb for all deliveries (n = 372) was 0.57. This corresponded to an estimated fall of adjusted change in Hb of 15.3 g/L (95% CI: 13.1, 17.6) per 1000 mL blood loss. Discussion: QBL has been shown to be reliable across all maternity settings, with reproducible results in theater and delivery rooms (on the obstetric unit and alongside midwifery-led unit). QBL is moderately correlated with adjusted change in Hb for all volumes of bleeding and gives clinicians more accurate knowledge of blood loss than visual estimation. This low-cost, low-fidelity intervention can influence the timely escalation of clinical care and therefore patient outcome.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
ISSN: 1476-7058
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 June 2020
Date of Acceptance: 20 April 2020
Last Modified: 28 May 2022 17:03

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