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Strong diffusion gradients allow the separation of intra- and extra-axonal gradient-echo signals in the human brain

Kleban, Elena, Tax, Chantal M.W. ORCID:, Rudrapatna, Umesh S., Jones, Derek K. ORCID: and Bowtell, Richard 2020. Strong diffusion gradients allow the separation of intra- and extra-axonal gradient-echo signals in the human brain. NeuroImage 217 , 116793. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116793

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The quantification of brain white matter properties is a key area of application of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), with much effort focused on using MR techniques to quantify tissue microstructure. While diffusion MRI probes white matter (WM) microstructure by characterising the sensitivity of Brownian motion of water molecules to anisotropic structures, susceptibility-based techniques probe the tissue microstructure by observing the effect of interaction between the tissue and the magnetic field. Here, we unify these two complementary approaches by combining ultra-strong () gradients with a novel Diffusion-Filtered Asymmetric Spin Echo (D-FASE) technique. Using D-FASE we can separately assess the evolution of the intra- and extra-axonal signals under the action of susceptibility effects, revealing differences in the behaviour in different fibre tracts. We observed that the effective relaxation rate of the ASE signal in the corpus callosum decreases with increasing b-value in all subjects (from at to at ), while this dependence on b in the corticospinal tract is less pronounced (from at to at ). Voxelwise analysis of the signal evolution with respect to b-factor and acquisition delay using a microscopic model demonstrated differences in gradient echo signal evolution between the intra- and extra-axonal pools.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 June 2020
Date of Acceptance: 19 March 2020
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 06:17

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