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Ammonia decomposition enhancement by Cs-Promoted Fe/Al2O3 catalysts

Parker, Luke A., Carter, James H., Dummer, Nicholas F. ORCID:, Richards, Nia, Morgan, David J. ORCID:, Golunski, Stanislaw E. ORCID: and Hutchings, Graham J. ORCID: 2020. Ammonia decomposition enhancement by Cs-Promoted Fe/Al2O3 catalysts. Catalysis Letters 150 , pp. 3369-3376. 10.1007/s10562-020-03247-3

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A range of Cs-doped Fe/Al2O3 catalysts were prepared for the ammonia decomposition reaction. Through time on-line studies it was shown that at all loadings of Cs investigated the activity of the Fe/Al2O3 catalysts was enhanced, with the optimum Cs:Fe being ca. 1. Initially, the rate of NH3 decomposition was low, typically < 10% equilibrium conversion (99.7%@500°C) recorded after 1 h. All catalysts exhibited an induction period (typically ca. 10 h) with the conversion reaching a high of 67% equilibrium conversion for Cs:Fe = 0.5 and 1. The highest rate of decomposition observed was attributed to the balance between increasing the concentration of Cs without blocking the active site. Analysis of H2-TPR and XPS measurements indicated that Cs acts as an electronic promoter. Previously, Cs has been shown to act as a promoter for Ru, where Cs alters the electron density of the active site, thereby facilitating the recombination of N2 which is considered the rate determining step. In addition, XRD and N2 adsorption measurements suggest that with higher Cs loadings deactivation of the catalytic activity is due to a layer of CsOH that forms on the surface and blocks active sites.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1011-372X
Funders: European Research Council
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 June 2020
Date of Acceptance: 1 May 2020
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2023 16:43

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