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Assessment of immunological competence and SV40 specific recall immunity in malignant pleural mesothelioma

Jasani, Bharat, Coleman, Sharon Louise, Butchart, Eric, Evans, Eve M.L., Adams, Malcolm, Mason, Malcolm David ORCID:, Gibbs, Allen and Tabi, Zsuzsanna 2005. Assessment of immunological competence and SV40 specific recall immunity in malignant pleural mesothelioma. Vaccine 23 (17-18) , pp. 2339-2402. 10.1016/j.vaccine.2005.01.019

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Diffuse malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is the third most common lung malignancy showing rising incidence with 250,000 deaths expected from it in Western Europe over the next 35 year. The tumour is generally resistant to conventional treatment and there is urgent need for novel preventative and therapeutic measures to combat this growing public threat. Finding of SV40 DNA sequences in a high proportion (40–90%) of several series of MPM cases, and suggestion of its potential co-carcinogen role provide a rationale for the development of novel anti-MPM vaccines incorporating SV40 gene sequences or antigenic determinants. As a prelude to adopting this approach, general T cell function was examined in relatively early cases of MPM presenting for biopsy or debulking surgery. CD8+ T cell responses were studied using antigenic epitopes of common viral antigens covering a broad range of haplotypes. 74.1% (20/27) of MPM patients and 80% (8/10) of the control subjects showed T cell responsiveness to the viral peptides mix, whilst a small proportion showed SV40 specific recall immunity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malignant pleural mesothelioma; Immunotherapy; T cell recall responses
ISSN: 0264-410X
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2023 02:05

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