Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The origin of granite magmas: a discussion.

Leake, B. E., Brown, G. C. and Halliday, A. N. 1980. The origin of granite magmas: a discussion. Journal of the Geological Society 137 (1) , pp. 93-97. 10.1144/gsjgs.137.1.0093

Full text not available from this repository.


A summary of the arguments both in favour of, and against, the mantle and crustal origin of granitic magmas is presented, with reference to the literature for detailed and fuller exposition of the relevant criteria. B.E.L.: I find it difficult to understand why granitic bodies appear to be totally absent from the oceanic crust if granitic magma is commonly derived from the mantle. Not only are oceanic granites unknown, but geophysical evidence does not support the existence of buried batholiths in the oceanic crust that have not risen high enough to be exposed. Moreover, as it is generally agreed that the upper mantle is dominantly ultrabasic and rich in olivine, it seems that this is the least likely sort of composition to yield substantial quantities of quartz-rich granitic magma by partial melting. Indeed, Wyllie et al. 1976 argued that any melt formed from a peridotite must be in equilibrium with the residual olivine, and such melts cannot also be silica-rich. I believe, therefore, that most granitic magma is dominantly derived by partially melting the lower continental crust, sometimes by uprise of basaltic or other mantle-derived magma, sometimes by deep faults that bring hot mantle against already nearly melting basal crust, and sometimes simply by deep faults uplifting segments of the base of the crust, resulting in isothermal melting under reduced pressure. The detailed exposition of this view is in Leake (1978).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Geological Society
ISSN: 0016-7649
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2020 14:15

Citation Data

Cited 16 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item