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Risk-reducing gynecological surgery in Lynch syndrome: results of an international survey from the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database

Dominguez-Valentin, Mev, Seppälä, Toni T., Engel, Christoph, Aretz, Stefan, Macrae, Finlay, Winship, Ingrid, Capella, Gabriel, Thomas, Huw, Hovig, Eivind, Nielsen, Maartje, Sijmons, Rolf H, Bertario, Lucio, Bonanni, Bernardo, Tibiletti, Maria Grazia, Cavestro, Giulia Martina, Mints, Miriam, Gluck, Nathan, Katz, Lior, Heinimann, Karl, Vaccaro, Carlos A., Green, Kate, Lalloo, Fiona, Hill, James, Schmiegel, Wolff, Vangala, Deepak, Perne, Claudia, Strauß, Hans-Georg, Tecklenburg, Johanna, Holinski-Feder, Elke, Steinke-Lange, Verena, Mecklin, Jukka-Pekka, Plazzer, John-Paul, Pineda, Marta, Navarro, Matilde, Vidal, Joan Brunet, Kariv, Revital, Rosner, Guy, Piñero, Tamara Alejandra, Gonzalez, María Laura, Kalfayan, Pablo, Sampson, Julian R., Ryan, Neil A. J., Evans, D. Gareth, Møller, Pål and Crosbie, Emma J. 2020. Risk-reducing gynecological surgery in Lynch syndrome: results of an international survey from the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database. Journal of Clinical Medicine 9 (7) , 2290. 10.3390/jcm9072290

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Abstract

Purpose: To survey risk-reducing hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) practice and advice regarding hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in women with Lynch syndrome. Methods: We conducted a survey in 31 contributing centers from the Prospective Lynch Syndrome Database (PLSD), which incorporates 18 countries worldwide. The survey covered local policies for risk-reducing hysterectomy and BSO in Lynch syndrome, the timing when these measures are offered, the involvement of stakeholders and advice regarding HRT. Results: Risk-reducing hysterectomy and BSO are offered to path_MLH1 and path_MSH2 carriers in 20/21 (95%) contributing centers, to path_MSH6 carriers in 19/21 (91%) and to path_PMS2 carriers in 14/21 (67%). Regarding the involvement of stakeholders, there is global agreement (~90%) that risk-reducing surgery should be offered to women, and that this discussion may involve gynecologists, genetic counselors and/or medical geneticists. Prescription of estrogen-only HRT is offered by 15/21 (71%) centers to women of variable age range (35–55 years). Conclusions: Most centers offer risk-reducing gynecological surgery to carriers of path_MLH1, path_MSH2 and path_MSH6 variants but less so for path_PMS2 carriers. There is wide variation in how, when and to whom this is offered. The Manchester International Consensus Group developed recommendations to harmonize clinical practice across centers, but there is a clear need for more research.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2077-0383
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 August 2020
Date of Acceptance: 8 July 2020
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2020 07:15
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/133948

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