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Discovery and biosynthesis of bolagladins: unusual lipodepsipeptides from Burkholderia gladioli clinical isolates

Dashti, Yousef, Nakou, Ioanna T., Mullins, Alex J. ORCID:, Webster, Gordon ORCID:, Jian, Xinyun, Mahenthiralingam, Eshwar ORCID: and Challis, Gregory L. 2020. Discovery and biosynthesis of bolagladins: unusual lipodepsipeptides from Burkholderia gladioli clinical isolates. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 59 (48) , pp. 21553-21561. 10.1002/anie.202009110

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Two Burkholderia gladioli strains isolated from the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients were found to produce unusual lipodepsipeptides containing a unique citrate‐derived fatty acid and a rare dehydro‐β‐alanine residue. The gene cluster responsible for their biosynthesis was identified by bioinformatics and insertional mutagenesis. In‐frame deletions and enzyme activity assays were used to investigate the functions of several proteins encoded by the biosynthetic gene cluster, which was found in the genomes of about 50% of B. gladioli isolates, suggesting that its metabolic products play an important role in the growth and/or survival of the species. The Chrome Azurol S (CAS) assay indicated that these metabolites bind ferric iron, which suppresses their production when added to the growth medium. Moreover, a gene encoding a TonB‐dependent ferric‐siderophore receptor is adjacent to the biosynthetic genes, suggesting that these metabolites may function as siderophores in B. gladioli .

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1433-7851
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 August 2020
Date of Acceptance: 11 August 2020
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 23:49

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