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Prognostic significance of serum inflammatory markers in esophageal cancer

Powell, Arfon G. M. T. ORCID:, Eley, Catherine, Chin, Carven, Coxon, Alexandra H., Christian, Adam and Lewis, Wyn G. 2021. Prognostic significance of serum inflammatory markers in esophageal cancer. Esophagus 18 , pp. 267-277. 10.1007/s10388-020-00772-3

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Background The aim of this study was to assess the relative prognostic value of biomarkers to measure the systemic inflammatory response (SIR) and potentially improve prognostic modeling in patients undergoing potentially curative surgery for esophageal adenocarcinoma (EC). Methods Consecutive 330 patients undergoing surgery for EC between 2004 and 2018 within a regional UK cancer network were identified. Serum measurements of haemoglobin, C-reactive protein, albumin, modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), and differential neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were obtained before surgery, and correlated with histopathological factors and outcomes. Primary outcome measures were disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Results Of 330 OC patients, 294 underwent potentially curative esophagectomy. Univariable DFS analysis revealed pT, pN, pTNM stage (all p < 0.001), poor differentiation (p = 0.001), vascular invasion (p < 0.001), R1 status (p < 0.001), perioperative chemotherapy (p = 0.009), CRP (p = 0.010), mGPS (p = 0.011), and NLR (p < 0.001), were all associated with poor survival. Multivariable Cox regression analysis of DFS revealed only NLR [Hazard Ratio (HR) 3.63, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 2.11–6.24, p < 0.001] retained significance. Multivariable Cox regression analysis of OS revealed similar findings: NLR [HR 2.66, (95% CI 1.58–4.50), p < 0.001]. Conclusion NLR is an important SIR prognostic biomarker associated with DFS and OS in EC.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: A Correction to this article was published on 12 April 2021 at
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 1612-9059
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 October 2020
Date of Acceptance: 24 August 2020
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2023 16:18

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