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Risk factors for incident delirium among urological patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis with GRADE summary of findings

Sanyaolu, L. ORCID:, Scholz, A. F. M., Mayo, I., Coode-Bate, J., Carter, B, Quinn, T. and Hewitt, J. ORCID: 2020. Risk factors for incident delirium among urological patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis with GRADE summary of findings. BMC Urology 20 , 169. 10.1186/s12894-020-00743-x

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Background Post-operative delirium is an important, yet under-researched complication of surgery. Patients undergoing urological surgery may be at especially high risk of POD, as they are often older, and interventions can be associated with conditions that trigger delirium. The main aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the available evidence for risk factors in this patient group. Methods Five databases were searched (MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsychInfo) between January 1987 and June 2019. The Newcastle–Ottawa Scale was used to assess for risk of bias. Pooled odds ratio or mean difference (MD) for individual risk factors were estimated using the Mantel–Haenzel and inverse variance methods. Results Seven articles met the inclusion criteria, giving a total population of 1937. The incidence of POD ranged from 5 to 29%. Three studies were deemed low risk of bias and four at a high risk of bias. Nine risk factors were suitable for meta-analysis, with age (MD 4.314 95% CI 1.597, 7.032 p = 0.002) and the clock drawing test (MD − 2.443 95% CI − 3.029, − 1.857 p < 0.001) having a statistically significant association with POD in pooled analyses. Conclusion Delirium is common in urological patients. This review has identified a lack of studies in this surgical population, with wide heterogeneity and high risk of bias. It also highlights a number of potential risk factors for post-operative delirium, of which some are modifiable. However, the strength of evidence is weak at present and so future research should focus on assessing comparable risk factors in this patient group in order to inform future clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher: BioMed Central
ISSN: 1471-2490
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 October 2020
Date of Acceptance: 13 October 2020
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2023 21:27

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