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Measurement of the binaural temporal window using a lateralisation task

Kolarik, Andrew Joseph and Culling, John Francis ORCID: 2009. Measurement of the binaural temporal window using a lateralisation task. Hearing Research 248 (1-2) , pp. 60-68. 10.1016/j.heares.2008.12.001

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Binaural temporal resolution was measured using the discrimination of brief interaural time delays (ITDs). In experiment 1, three listeners performed a 2I-2AFC, ITD-discrimination procedure. ITD changes of 8 to 1024 μs were applied to brief probe noises. These probes, with durations of 16 to 362 ms, were placed symmetrically in time within a 500-ms burst of otherwise interaurally uncorrelated noise. Psychometric functions were measured to obtain thresholds and temporal windows fitted to those thresholds. The best-fitting window was a symmetric roex shape (equivalent rectangular duration = 197 ms), an order of magnitude longer than monaural temporal windows and differed substantially from windows reported by Bernstein et al. [Bernstein, L.R., Trahiotis, C., Akeroyd, M.A., Hartung, K., 2001. Sensitivity to brief changes of interaural time and interaural intensity. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 1604–1615]. Experiment 2, replicated their main experiment, comparing their ITD-detection task with a similar discrimination procedure. Thresholds in the detection conditions were significantly better than those in the discrimination condition, particularly for short probe durations, indicating the use of an additional cue at these durations for the detection task and thus undermining the assumptions made in their window fit.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Binaural hearing; Temporal resolution; Lateralisation
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-5955
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 13:21

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