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Evolution of the early to late Archean mantle from Hf-Nd-Ce isotope systematics in basalts and komatiites from the Pilbara Craton

Hasentab, E., Tusch, J., Schnabel, C., Marien, C. S., Van Kranendonk, M. J., Smithies, H., Howard, H., Maier, W. D. ORCID: and Munker, C. 2021. Evolution of the early to late Archean mantle from Hf-Nd-Ce isotope systematics in basalts and komatiites from the Pilbara Craton. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 553 , 116627. 10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116627

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Inferences on the early evolution of the Earth's mantle can be deduced from long-lived radiogenic isotope systems such as 176Lu-176Hf and 147Sm-143Nd, for which both parent and daughter elements largely remain immobile at low metamorphic grades. However, it remains ambiguous when and to what extent mantle-crust differentiation processes had started in the Archean. For a better understanding of Archean mantle-crust evolution, we determined the initial 176Lu-176Hf, 147Sm-143Nd, and, in a new approach, the 138La-138Ce isotope compositions of a suite of Archean mafic-ultramafic rock samples from the 3.53-2.83 Ga old Pilbara Craton and 2.78-2.63 Ga old Fortescue Group in NW Australia. These rocks represent one of the best-preserved Archean successions worldwide and contain mafic-ultramafic rocks that were erupted during repeated and long-lived pulses of volcanism throughout much of the Archean. Mantle-derived mafic-ultramafic rock samples were collected from six major stratigraphic groups of the Pilbara Craton and the overlying Fortescue Group in order to characterize the parental mantle source regions of the lavas and to reconstruct the temporal evolution of the ambient mantle beneath this piece of cratonic lithosphere. In addition, we analyzed contemporaneous TTG-like igneous suites and interbedded sediments in order to reconstruct the lithospheric evolution of the Pilbara Craton.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 October 2020
Date of Acceptance: 8 October 2020
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 05:50

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