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Autonomous silencing of the imprinted Cdkn1c gene in stem cells

Wood, M. D., Hiura, H., Tunster, Simon James, Arima, T., Shin, J-Y, Higgins, M.J. and John, Rosalind Margaret 2010. Autonomous silencing of the imprinted Cdkn1c gene in stem cells. Epigenetics 5 (3) , pp. 214-221. 10.4161/epi.5.3.11275

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Parent-of-origin specific expression of imprinted genes relies on the differential DNA methylation of specific genomic regions. Differentially methylated regions (DMRs) acquire DNA methylation either during gametogenesis (primary DMR) or after fertilisation when allele-specific expression is established (secondary DMR). Little is known about the function of these secondary DMRs. We investigated the DMR spanning Cdkn1c in mouse embryonic stem cells, androgenetic stem cells and embryonic germ stem cells. In all cases, expression of Cdkn1c was appropriately repressed in in vitro differentiated cells. However, stem cells failed to de novo methylate the silenced gene even after sustained differentiation. In the absence of maintained DNA methylation (Dnmt1-/-), Cdkn1c escapes silencing demonstrating the requirement for DNA methylation in long term silencing in vivo. We propose that postfertilisation differential methylation reflects the importance of retaining single gene dosage of a subset of imprinted loci in the adult.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Publisher: Landes Bioscience
ISSN: 1559-2294
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:54

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