Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Exploring groundwater and soil water storage changes across the CONUS at 12.5 km resolution by a Bayesian integration of GRACE data into W3RA

Mehrnegar, Nooshin, Jones, Owen ORCID:, Singer, Michael Bliss ORCID:, Mchumacher, Maike, Jagdhuber, Thomas, Scanlon, Bridget R., Rateb, Ashraf and Forootan, Ehsan 2021. Exploring groundwater and soil water storage changes across the CONUS at 12.5 km resolution by a Bayesian integration of GRACE data into W3RA. Science of the Total Environment 758 , 143579. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143579

[thumbnail of Singer_STOTEN_Manuscript.pdf] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (8MB)


Climate variability and change along with anthropogenic water use have affected the (re)distribution of water storage and fluxes across the Contiguous United States (CONUS). Available hydrological models, however, do not represent recent changes in the water cycle. Therefore, in this study, a novel Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo-based Data Assimilation (MCMC-DA) approach is formulated to integrate Terrestrial Water Storage changes (TWSC) from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission into the W3RA water balance model. The benefit of this integration is its dynamic solution that uses GRACE TWSC to update W3RA's individual water storage estimates while rigorously accounting for uncertainties. It also down-scales GRACE data and provides groundwater and soil water storage changes at ~12.5 km resolution across the CONUS covering 2003–2017. Independent validations are performed against in-situ groundwater data (from USGS) and Climate Change Initiative (CCI) soil moisture products from the European Space Agency (ESA). Our results indicate that MCMC-DA introduces trends, which exist in GRACE TWSC, mostly to the groundwater storage and to a lesser extent to the soil water storage. Higher similarity is found between groundwater estimation of MCMC-DA and those of USGS in the southeastern CONUS. We also show a stronger linear trend in MCMC-DA soil water storage across the CONUS, compared to W3RA (changing from ±0.5 mm/yr to ±2 mm/yr), which is closer to independent estimates from the ESA CCI. MCMC-DA also improves the estimation of soil water storage in regions with high forest intensity, where ESA CCI and hydrological models have difficulties in capturing the soil-vegetation-atmosphere continuum. The representation of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-related variability in groundwater and soil water storage are found to be considerably improved after integrating GRACE TWSC with W3RA. This new hybrid approach shows promise for understanding the links between climate and the water balance over broad regions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Earth and Environmental Sciences
Water Research Institute (WATER)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0048-9697
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 November 2020
Date of Acceptance: 1 November 2020
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2023 18:19

Citation Data

Cited 9 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics