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Development of ADHD: salience of heterogeneity in child temperament and adolescent course

Nigg, Joel T., Sibley, Margaret H., Thapar, Anita ORCID: and Karalunas, Sarah L. 2020. Development of ADHD: salience of heterogeneity in child temperament and adolescent course. Annual Review of Developmental Psychology 2 (1) , pp. 559-583. 10.1146/annurev-devpsych-060320-093413

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) represents a powerful entry point for developmental approaches to psychopathology due to its substantial role in early emergence of major life problems. One key issue concerns the role of early environmental risks in etiology and maintenance in the context of genetic liability. Here, psychosocial aspects of development need more attention. A second key issue is that phenotypic heterogeneity requires better resolution if actionable causal mechanisms are to be effectively identified. Here, the interplay of cognition and emotion in the context of a temperament lens is one helpful way forward. A third key issue is the poorly understood yet somewhat striking bifurcation of developmental course in adolescence, when a subgroup seems to have largely benign outcomes, while a larger group continues on a problematic path. A final integrative question concerns the most effective conceptualization of the disorder in relation to broader dysregulation. Key scientific priorities are noted.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
ISSN: 2640-7922
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 November 2020
Date of Acceptance: 22 October 2020
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 09:36

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