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DeepSAGE based differential gene expression analysis under cold and freeze stress in Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.)

Chaudhary, Saurabh and Sharma, Prakash C. 2015. DeepSAGE based differential gene expression analysis under cold and freeze stress in Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.). PLoS ONE 10 (3) , e0121982. 10.1371/journal.pone.0121982

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Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.), an important plant species of Indian Himalayas, is well known for its immense medicinal and nutritional value. The plant has the ability to sustain growth in harsh environments of extreme temperatures, drought and salinity. We employed DeepSAGE, a tag based approach, to identify differentially expressed genes under cold and freeze stress in seabuckthorn. In total 36.2 million raw tags including 13.9 million distinct tags were generated using Illumina sequencing platform for three leaf tissue libraries including control (CON), cold stress (CS) and freeze stress (FS). After discarding low quality tags, 35.5 million clean tags including 7 million distinct clean tags were obtained. In all, 11922 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) including 6539 up regulated and 5383 down regulated genes were identified in three comparative setups i.e. CON vs CS, CON vs FS and CS vs FS. Gene ontology and KEGG pathway analysis were performed to assign gene ontology term to DEGs and ascertain their biological functions. DEGs were mapped back to our existing seabuckthorn transcriptome assembly comprising of 88,297 putative unigenes leading to the identification of 428 cold and freeze stress responsive genes. Expression of randomly selected 22 DEGs was validated using qRT-PCR that further supported our DeepSAGE results. The present study provided a comprehensive view of global gene expression profile of seabuckthorn under cold and freeze stresses. The DeepSAGE data could also serve as a valuable resource for further functional genomics studies aiming selection of candidate genes for development of abiotic stress tolerant transgenic plants.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Additional Information: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 November 2020
Date of Acceptance: 7 February 2015
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2020 16:02

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