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Electromagnetic evaluation of the microstructure of grade 91 tubes/pipes

Liu, Jun ORCID:, Wilson, John, Strangwood, Martin, Davis, Claire L., Peyton, Anthony and Parker, Jonathan 2015. Electromagnetic evaluation of the microstructure of grade 91 tubes/pipes. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 132-13 , pp. 65-71. 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2015.05.009

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This paper assesses the feasibility of transferring a laboratory-based electromagnetic (EM) sensor technique, which has already proved sensitive to significant (e.g. phase balance) or subtle (e.g. number density of fine precipitates) microstructural changes in steel, to non-destructive evaluation of the microstructure of power generation components such as tubes/pipes. It has been found that Grade 91 steels, in different conditions representative of service entry, thermally aged or ex-service, can be distinguished using laboratory-based measurement systems on small machined cylindrical samples as well as by an industry deployment EM sensor system on full-diameter tube samples. The measurements for the tube samples follow the same trend as the machined cylindrical samples. The results indicate an industrial deployable sensor system can be used for sorting service-exposed or mis-heat-treated/mis-manufactured Grade 91 steel tubes/pipes from the correctly heat treated service-entry ones.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0308-0161
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 12 May 2015
Last Modified: 06 May 2023 04:59

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