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The World Federation of ADHD International Consensus Statement: 208 evidence-based conclusions about the disorder

Faraone, Stephen V., Banaschewski, Tobias, Coghill, David, Zheng, Yi, Biederman, Joseph, Bellgrove, Mark A., Newcorn, Jeffrey H., Gignac, Martin, Al Saud, Nouf M., Manor, Iris, Rohde, Luis Augusto, Yang, Li, Cortese, Samuele, Almagor, Doron, Stein, Mark A., Albatti, Turki H., Aljoudi, Haya F., Alqahtani, Mohammed M.J., Asherson, Philip, Atwoli, Lukoye, Bölte, Sven, Buitelaar, Jan K., Crunelle, Cleo L., Daley, David, Dalsgaard, Søren, Döepfner, Manfred, Espinet, Stacey, Fitzgerald, Michael, Franke, Barbara, Haavik, Jan, Hartman, Catharina A., Hartung, Cynthia M., Hinshaw, Stephen P., Hoekstra, Pieter J., Hollis, Chris, Kollins, Scott H., Sandra Kooij, J.J., Kuntsi, Jonna, Larsson, Henrik, Li, Tingyu, Liu, Jing, Merzon, Eugene, Mattingly, Gregory, Mattos, Paulo, McCarthy, Suzanne, Mikami, Amori Yee, Molina, Brooke S.G., Nigg, Joel T., Purper-Ouakil, Diane, Omigbodun, Olayinka O., Polanczyk, Guilherme V., Pollak, Yehuda, Poulton, Alison S., Rajkumar, Ravi Philip, Reding, Andrew, Reif, Andreas, Rubia, Katya, Rucklidge, Julia, Romanos, Marcel, Ramos-Quiroga, J. Antoni, Schellekens, Arnt, Scheres, Anouk, Schoeman, Renata, Schweitzer, Julie B., Shah, Henal, Solanto, Mary V., Sonuga-Barke, Edmund, Soutullo, César, Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph, Swanson, James M., Thapar, Anita ORCID:, Tripp, Gail, van de Glind, Geurt, Brink, Wim van den, Van der Oord, Saskia, Venter, Andre, Vitiello, Benedetto, Walitza, Susanne and Wang, Yufeng 2021. The World Federation of ADHD International Consensus Statement: 208 evidence-based conclusions about the disorder. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 128 , pp. 789-818. 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2021.01.022

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Background Misconceptions about ADHD stigmatize affected people, reduce credibility of providers, and prevent/delay treatment. To challenge misconceptions, we curated findings with strong evidence base. Methods We reviewed studies with more than 2,000 participants or meta-analyses from five or more studies or 2,000 or more participants. We excluded meta-analyses that did not assess publication bias, except for meta-analyses of prevalence. For network meta-analyses we required comparison adjusted funnel plots. We excluded treatment studies with waiting-list or treatment as usual controls. From this literature, we extracted evidence-based assertions about the disorder. Results We generated 208 empirically supported statements about ADHD. The status of the included statements as empirically supported is approved by 79 authors from 27 countries and 6 continents. The contents of the manuscript are endorsed by 362 people who have read this document and agree with its contents. Conclusions Many findings in ADHD are supported by meta-analysis. These allow for firm statements about the nature, course, outcome causes, and treatments for disorders that are useful for reducing misconceptions and stigma.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0149-7634
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 February 2021
Date of Acceptance: 25 January 2021
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 05:47

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