Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

The Atacama Cosmology Telescope: combined kinematic and thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich measurements from BOSS CMASS and LOWZ halos

Schaan, Emmanuel, Ferraro, Simone, Amodeo, Stefania, Battaglia, Nick, Aiola, Simone, Austermann, Jason E., Beall, James A., Bean, Rachel, Becker, Daniel T., Bond, Richard J., Calabrese, Erminia ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0837-0068, Calafut, Victoria, Choi, Steve K., Denison, Edward V., Devlin, Mark J., Duff, Shannon M., Duivenvoorden, Adriaan J., Dunkley, Jo, Dünner, Rolando, Gallardo, Patricio A., Guan, Yilun, Han, Dongwon, Hill, J. Colin, Hilton, Gene C., Hilton, Matt, Hložek, Renée, Hubmayr, Johannes, Huffenberger, Kevin M., Hughes, John P., Koopman, Brian J., MacInnis, Amanda, McMahon, Jeff, Madhavacheril, Mathew S., Moodley, Kavilan, Mroczkowski, Tony, Naess, Sigurd, Nati, Federico, Newburgh, Laura B., Niemack, Michael D., Page, Lyman A., Partridge, Bruce, Salatino, Maria, Sehgal, Neelima, Schillaci, Alessandro, Sifón, Cristóbal, Smith, Kendrick M., Spergel, David N., Staggs, Suzanne, Storer, Emilie R., Trac, Hy, Page, A., Partridge, Bruce, Salatino, Maria, Sehgal, Neelima, Schillaci, Alessandro, Sifón, Cristóbal, Smith, Kendrick M., Spergel, David N., Staggs, Suzanne, Storer, Emilie R., Trac, Hy, Ullom, Joel N., Van Lanen, Jeff, R. Vale, Leila, van Engelen, Alexander, Vargas Magaña, Mariana, M. Vavagiakis, Eve, Wollack, Edward J. and Xu, Zhilei 2021. The Atacama Cosmology Telescope: combined kinematic and thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich measurements from BOSS CMASS and LOWZ halos. Physical Review D 103 (6) , 063513. 10.1103/PhysRevD.103.063513

[thumbnail of PhysRevD.103.063513.pdf]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

The scattering of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons off the free-electron gas in galaxies and clusters leaves detectable imprints on high resolution CMB maps: the thermal and kinematic Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effects (tSZ and kSZ respectively). We use combined microwave maps from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope DR5 and Planck in combination with the CMASS (mean redshift ⟨ z ⟩ = 0.55 and host halo mass ⟨ M vir ⟩ = 3 × 10 13     M ⊙ ) and LOWZ ( ⟨ z ⟩ = 0.31 , ⟨ M vir ⟩ = 5 × 10 13     M ⊙ ) galaxy catalogs from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS DR10 and DR12), to study the gas associated with these galaxy groups. Using individual reconstructed velocities, we perform a stacking analysis and reject the no-kSZ hypothesis at 6.5 σ , the highest significance to date. This directly translates into a measurement of the electron number density profile, and thus of the gas density profile. Despite the limited signal to noise, the measurement shows at high significance that the gas density profile is more extended than the dark matter density profile, for any reasonable baryon abundance (formally > 90 σ for the cosmic baryon abundance). We simultaneously measure the tSZ signal, i.e., the electron thermal pressure profile of the same CMASS objects, and reject the no-tSZ hypothesis at 10 σ . We combine tSZ and kSZ measurements to estimate the electron temperature to 20% precision in several aperture bins, and find it comparable to the virial temperature. In a companion paper, we analyze these measurements to constrain the gas thermodynamics and the properties of feedback inside galaxy groups. We present the corresponding LOWZ measurements in this paper, ruling out a null kSZ (tSZ) signal at 2.9 ( 13.9 ) σ , and leave their interpretation to future work. This paper and the companion paper demonstrate that current CMB experiments can detect and resolve gas profiles in low mass halos and at high redshifts, which are the most sensitive to feedback in galaxy formation and the most difficult to measure any other way. They will be a crucial input to cosmological hydrodynamical simulations, thus improving our understanding of galaxy formation. These precise gas profiles are already sufficient to reduce the main limiting theoretical systematic in galaxy-galaxy lensing: baryonic uncertainties. Future such measurements will thus unleash the statistical power of weak lensing from the Rubin, Euclid and Roman observatories. Our stacking software ThumbStackis publicly available and directly applicable to future Simons Observatory and CMB-S4 data.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 2470-0010
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 February 2021
Date of Acceptance: 5 February 2021
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 10:12
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/138658

Citation Data

Cited 40 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics