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Strategies of municipal land policies: proposing an alternative to the passive-active dichotomy

Shahab, Sina, Hartmann, Thomas and Jonkman, Arend 2021. Strategies of municipal land policies: proposing an alternative to the passive-active dichotomy. Presented at: Annual Conference of the Association on Planning, Law, and Property Rights 2021 (PLPR), Virtual, 1-25 February 2021.

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How do municipalities strategically use land policy to develop land for housing? The development of housing is a challenge for many European countries, though the scale and time of it differs. Issues are not always about the absolute number of houses that need to be supplied in a country. The distribution and quality of houses affect the demand for housing. Land policy determines where and how future developments take place, and as a result, it has a considerable impact on both supply and demand of housing. Municipalities use different strategies of land policy to pursue housing goals. This paper aims to explore the rationalities underpinning such strategies of land policy. Therefore, a theory on pluralism - Cultural Theory - is employed to understand municipal strategies in different contexts, i.e. Germany (Ruhr region), Belgium (Flanders), and Netherlands. This paper argues that Cultural Theory offers a more diverse, yet simple, classification for the plurality of strategies of land policy, compared to the existing passive-active dichotomy. Applying Cultural Theory to land policy results in four ideal-typical strategies of active, passive, reactive, and protective land policies. Despite the fact that the decisions of municipalities are made within (or constrained by) their institutional environments (i.e. national/regional planning systems, development cultures, etc.), we found that there are key similarities between the strategies of the studied municipalities regardless of their different institutional environments.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: In Press
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 February 2021
Date of Acceptance: 16 January 2021
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2021 09:05

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