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Aligning medical and Muslim morality: an Islamic bioethical approach to applying and rationing life sustaining ventilators in the COVID-19 pandemic era

Padela, Aasim, Ali, Mansur and Yusuf, Asim 2021. Aligning medical and Muslim morality: an Islamic bioethical approach to applying and rationing life sustaining ventilators in the COVID-19 pandemic era. Journal of Islamic Ethics 5 , pp. 1-36. 10.1163/24685542-12340061

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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has spurred policymakers and religious leaders to revisit age-old questions about the ethics of pandemic control, the just allocation of scarce resources, and preparing for death. We add to these conversations by discussing the use of mechanical ventilation for COVID-19 patients. Specifically, we address the following: For Muslim patients/families when is it permissible to forgo mechanical ventilation? For Muslim clinicians, what circumstances justify the withholding or withdrawing of mechanical ventilation from patients? And for policymakers, is there an Islamically-justifiable rubric for allocating mechanical ventilation to patients in times of scarcity? Our Islamic bioethical analyses connect biostatistical data and social contexts with ethico-legal constructs to bridge the epistemic theories of biomedicine and the Islamic legal tradition. They reveals that forgoing mechanical ventilation is permissible for Muslims, that there are several conditions allow for Muslim clinicians to justify withholding and withdrawing mechanical ventilation, and also several policy rubrics for ventilator allocation that would be justifiable.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license
Publisher: Brill
ISSN: 2468-5534
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 February 2021
Date of Acceptance: 7 February 2021
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2021 14:18
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/138690

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