Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Childbirth related labial trauma management in the UK: a brief report

Sanders, Julia ORCID:, Bhal, Nadia, Brace, Emily, Cannings-John, Rebecca ORCID:, Channon, Sue ORCID:, Jenkins, Elinor, Ridgway, Anouk and Townson, Julia ORCID: 2021. Childbirth related labial trauma management in the UK: a brief report. Midwifery 97 , 102950. 10.1016/j.midw.2021.102950

[thumbnail of Childbirth+Related+Labial+Trauma+-+Time+for+evidence+based+practice+POST+PRINT.pdf] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (279kB)


Trauma to the labia occurs in up to 49% of vaginal births1. Trauma to the perineal body resulting from childbirth is well defined using widely used categories, and recommended management of perineal body trauma is based on high level evidence. Currently no similar evidence exists to inform the classification or management of labial trauma. This is reflected in variation in clinical practice with some practitioners favouring suturing of labial trauma, whilst others favour healing by secondary intention. A survey of practice was undertaken in three NHS organisations, over a five-week period in 2019 with data collected on 332 vaginal births. Overall, 47.3% (n=157) of women sustained labial trauma, of whom 29.3% (n=46) sustained trauma described as involving skin and underlying tissues. Of the labial trauma which involved skin and underlying tissues 76.0% (n=35) was sutured and the remainder unsutured. The survey confirmed a lack of consistency in practice and the need for further research to inform care for women.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Healthcare Sciences
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0266-6138
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 March 2021
Date of Acceptance: 10 February 2021
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 14:07

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics